Situational Judgment Test (SJT)

20 Situations

Test without time limit

Processing time: approx. 40 minutes

Inhouse-test with supervision

Home-test without supervision


English, German

other languages on request

Optimized for

desktop, tablet, smartphone

Career starters

Persons with high results in this procedure are able to assess typical situations from a manager's professional environment in accordance with the recommendations of the Vroom and Jago model. In doing so, they adapt their behaviour to the respective situation and involve their employees appropriately in their decisions.


Z (Z-Score): Standard score in value range 70-130 (M=100, SD=10); PR (percentile rank): Share in reference group with a score that is at most as high.


The test makes use of the forced-choice format. After an introductory instruction, 20 management situations are specified in which the participants have different options for action, which differ in particular with regard to the degree to which employees are involved in decision-making. The task of the participants is to put the 5 options for action in the order that most closely matches their own approach.

The logic on which the assignment of the 20 items is based is always in the same order: 4 working weeks with 5 working days each are simulated, each week with different framework conditions that the participants must observe.

Theoretical background

LEAD records situational leadership behaviour of high-potential employees and managers in the sense of the contingency approach of leadership according to Vroom & Yetton. The test records different management situations from a process perspective. The focus of interest is not the specific result or the content of the behavior, but the path through which the (leadership) result is to be achieved. The behavioural alternatives available in the test differ accordingly in terms of the extent to which a manager allows their employees to participate in a decision. LEAD also records how flexibly participants act in the various management situations. A complex mathematical algorithm calculates the effectiveness of a person's leadership style across the various management situations. The process is therefore suitable for generating information about the level of participation and the flexibility of management behaviour. LEAD also demonstrates leadership effectiveness. (Potential) managers can use the test result to for well-founded feedback on their leadership effectiveness in order to specifically point out more effective behavioural alternatives that improve management performance in the long term.

Psychometric properties

α = .84

.71 Situational attributes
.83 Alternative actions

Construct validity
.12 Verbal Reasoning (DEDUCTION)

Norm basis
N > 2,000

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